Diesel Regulations

Off Road

The off road regulations cover all self-propelled diesel equipment 25 HP and greater. 

Reporting Vehicle


All Off-road vehicles are required to be reported as of 2009. Fleets that have not reported should do so as soon as possible. Fleets that have not reported and are found to be in violation by enforcement personnel before they report themselves will be subject to enforcement action, including fines. Civil penalities are not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or ten thousand ($10,000) respectively for each day in which the violation occurs, which can be applied to each vehicle that is not reported. For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/ordiesel




Labeling


All vehicles subject to off-road regulation are to be labeled on both sides of the machine within thirty (30) days of receiving the equipment indetification number (EIN). As of January 1, 2013 all machines must be labeled on both sides of the equipment. All captive attainment fleets must be labeled as well but the background is green with white lettering, instead of a red background with white lettering. Where can I buy labels? BeCARBCompliant offers a full range of affordable labeling services. Call us today to get the latest pricing.




Idling Policy


Idling Limit: No vehicles or engines subject to this regulation may idle for more than five (5) consecutive minutes. Idling of a vehicle that is owned by a rental company is the responsibility of the renter or lessee, and the rental agreement should so indicate. The idling limit does not aply to:

  • Idling when queuing
  • Idling to verify that the vehicle is in safe operating condition
  • Idling for testing, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
  • Idling necessary to accomplish work for which the vehicle was designed (such as operating a crane)
  • Idling required to bring the machine system to operating temperature
  • Idling necssary to ensure safe operation of the vehicle
  • Written Idling Policy: As of March 1, 2009, medium and large fleets must also have a written idling policy that is made available to operators of the vehicle(s) and informs them that idling is limited to five (5) consecutive minutes or less.
For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/ordiesel/guidance/writtenidlingguide.pdf




Seller's Disclosure


A disclosure statement must be provided by the seller to the buyer at the time of the sale and kept for at least three years. "An off-road heavy equipment or alternative-diesel vehicle operated in California may be subject to the California Air Resources Board Regulation to Reduce Particulate Matter and Criteria Pollutant Emissions from In-Use Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicles. It, therfore, could be subject to exhaust retrofit or accelerated turnover requirements to reduce emissions of air pollutants." For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/ordiesel/faq/disclosurefaq.pdf




Annual Reporting Deadlines


The annual reporting deadline varies. Agricultural and Low Use Hours must be reported by January 1st of each year. The Responsible Official Affirmation Report (ROAR) is due by March 1st of each year. **Certificates for Off Road annually expire February 28th and a new one can be obtained only after the ROAR is submitted.





On Road Diesel Vehicles

The on road diesel regulations cover all commercial diesel vehicles. It is a requirement for all vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 and above to be reported in the CARB Truck and Bus Reporting System.

Frequently asked questions

Reporting Vehicle


All Off-road vehicles are required to be reported as of 2009. Fleets that have not reported should do so as soon as possible. Fleets that have not reported and are found to be in violation by enforcement personnel before they report themselves will be subject to enforcement action, including fines. Civil penalities are not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or ten thousand ($10,000) respectively for each day in which the violation occurs, which can be applied to each vehicle that is not reported. For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/ordiesel




Labeling


All vehicles subject to off-road regulation are to be labeled on both sides of the machine within thirty (30) days of receiving the equipment indetification number (EIN). As of January 1, 2013 all machines must be labeled on both sides of the equipment. All captive attainment fleets must be labeled as well but the background is green with white lettering, instead of a red background with white lettering. Where can I buy labels? BeCARBCompliant offers a full range of affordable labeling services. Call us today to get the latest pricing.




Idling Policy


Idling Limit: No vehicles or engines subject to this regulation may idle for more than five (5) consecutive minutes. Idling of a vehicle that is owned by a rental company is the responsibility of the renter or lessee, and the rental agreement should so indicate. The idling limit does not aply to:

  • Idling when queuing
  • Idling to verify that the vehicle is in safe operating condition
  • Idling for testing, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
  • Idling necessary to accomplish work for which the vehicle was designed (such as operating a crane)
  • Idling required to bring the machine system to operating temperature
  • Idling necssary to ensure safe operation of the vehicle
  • Written Idling Policy: As of March 1, 2009, medium and large fleets must also have a written idling policy that is made available to operators of the vehicle(s) and informs them that idling is limited to five (5) consecutive minutes or less.
For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/ordiesel/guidance/writtenidlingguide.pdf




Seller's Disclosure


A disclosure statement must be provided by the seller to the buyer at the time of the sale and kept for at least three years. "An off-road heavy equipment or alternative-diesel vehicle operated in California may be subject to the California Air Resources Board Regulation to Reduce Particulate Matter and Criteria Pollutant Emissions from In-Use Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicles. It, therfore, could be subject to exhaust retrofit or accelerated turnover requirements to reduce emissions of air pollutants." For more information, go to: www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/ordiesel/faq/disclosurefaq.pdf




Annual Reporting Deadlines


The annual reporting deadline varies. Agricultural and Low Use Hours must be reported by January 1st of each year. The Responsible Official Affirmation Report (ROAR) is due by March 1st of each year. **Certificates for Off Road annually expire February 28th and a new one can be obtained only after the ROAR is submitted.





Agriculture

Section 2449(b) of the In-Use Off-Road Diesel Vehicle Regulation (off-road regulation) provides that all vehicles used exclusively for agricultural operations, including first processing after harvest, are exempt from all requirements in sections 2449, 2449.1, 2449.2 and 2449.3 of the off-road regulation. This document is designed to provide guidance for determining what activities will be designated as agricultural operations.

Portable Equipment

All portable diesel equipment 50 HP or greater has to be permitted by CARB or the local air district to be legal to run. Operating without a permit can lead to fines. 

TRUs

This regulation applies to in-use diesel fueled TRU's and TRU generator sets that operate in California, whether or not they are registered in California. This includes all carriers that transport perishable goods using diesel-powered refrigeration systems on trucks, trailers, shipping containers, and railcars that operate in this state.

Once a compliance deadline passes for a TRU's or TRU gen set model year, it is illegal to sell, offer for sale, lease, offer for lease, rent, or offer to rent a TRU for use in California that does not meet the current standards in the Air Toxic Control Measure (ATCM).

The deadline for in-use performance deadlines is as follows: Engines must be compliant by December 31st of the seventh (7th) year after the engine model year.

Example:  A 2003 model year engine must comply by December 31st, 2010.

Drayage Trucks

The regulation applies to all drayage trucks that operate at California’s ports and intermodal rail yards (regardless of the state or country they originated from). Drayage trucks are on-road diesel-fueled heavy-duty class 8 vehicles (GVWR greater than 33,000 lbs). 

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